Allan Houser

1914 - 1994
Painter, Sculptor
Origin: Apache Tribe
Born: June 30, 1914, near Apache, Oklahoma
Died: August 23, 1994, Santa Fe, New Mexico

Allan Houser grew up on a government farm near Apache, Oklahoma. He was greatly influenced by his parents, who spoke in their native tongue, sang and chanted traditional music, and recalled memories of Native American wars and struggles. In 1934, Houser studied under Dorothy Dunn at the Painting Studio of the Santa Fe Indian School, and two years later, he exhibited paintings at the World's Fair in New York. In 1939, Houser and Navajo painter Gerald Nailor were commissioned to paint a mural in the Department of the Interior Building in Washington, D.C. Houser studied with Olle Nordmark, a Norwegian muralist at the Fort Sill Indian School in Oklahoma. With Nordmark's encouragement, he began to explore sculpture, working with small wood carvings. Through the 1940s, he worked in construction as a pipe fitter's assistant, while sculpting and painting at night. He taught at the Institute of American Indian Arts in Santa Fe and later became head of the sculpture department. In 1968, he cast his first bronze works, and in 1975, retired from teaching to concentrate on sculpture.

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Buffalo Hunt
n.d., Gouache on Paper
Allan Houser
Apache Tribe, 1914 - 1994
Fabricated Buffalo
1993, Bronze
Allan Houser
Apache Tribe, 1914 - 1994
1990, Bronze
Allan Houser
Apache Tribe, 1914 - 1994